- Emma Walsh
A simple guide to the Autumn Statement 2022
The Chancellor highlighted that “In the face of unprecedented global headwinds, families, pensioners, businesses, teachers, nurses and many others are worried about the future.” He highlighted he aims to tackle the cost-of-living crisis and rebuild our economy with his headline priorities of stability, growth, and public services.
He concluded his speech stating that “the British people are tough, inventive and resourceful.
We have risen to bigger challenges before……It is a balanced plan for stability, a plan for growth and a plan for public services. It shows that you don’t need to choose either a strong economy or good public services…”
Rates and allowances
Income Tax Rates: Income Tax Rates: England Wales & Northern Ireland (non – dividend income)
0% starting rate for savings only Up to £5,000 Up to £5,000
20% basic rate tax £12,571 - £50,270 £12,571 - £50,270
40% higher rate tax £50,271 - £125,140 £50,271 - £150,000
45% additional rate tax Above £125,140 Above £150,000
Scottish Rates of Income Tax (non-dividend income)
Scottish Taxpayers pay the same tax as the rest of the UK on dividends and saving interest
19% Starting Rate £12,571 - £14,732 £12,571 - £14,732
20% basic rate tax £14,733 - £25,688 £14,733 - £25,688
21% intermediate rate tax £25,689 - £43,622 £25,689 - £43,662
41% higher rate tax £43,633 - £150,000 £43,663 - £150,000
46% top rate Above £150,000 Above £150,000
The income tax additional rate threshold will reduce from £150,000 to £125,140 from April 2023. Reducing these thresholds will cost £1,243 for an additional rate taxpayer.
Personal tax thresholds – ie personal allowance, basic and higher rate thresholds for income tax – are maintained until April 2028 at a current level of £12,570 and £50,270.
Basic rate of income tax will be maintained at 20%. This was previously announced to be reduced to 19%, which will not go ahead from 2023.
Other income tax allowances
Married Couple’s Allowance and Blind Person’s Allowance will be uplifted by 10.1%, from 6 April 2023.
The national insurance thresholds for all classes will be maintained until April 2028 at the current level. The government will fix the level at which employers start to pay Class 1 Secondary NICs for their employees (the Secondary Threshold) at £9,100 from April 2023 until April 2028.
The employment allowance is set to the current level of £5,000.
The temporary 1.25% increase from 6 April 2022 in national insurance rates has been abandoned from 6 November 2022. The Health and Social Care Levy is no longer going ahead. The introduction of a separate Health and Social Care Levy tax in April 2023 has been cancelled too.
National Living Wage
From 1 April 2023, the government will increase the National Living Wage (NLW) by 9.7% to £10.42 an hour, for those aged 23 and over.
Dividend allowance is reduced from £2,000 to £1,000 from April 2023 and to £500 from April 2024. The threshold of £2,000 has been in place since April 2018.
Dividends above the dividend allowance were taxed at 7.5% (basic rate), 32.5% (higher rate), and 38.1% (additional rate). From 6 April 2022, dividends are taxed at 8.75% (basic rate), 33.75% (higher rate), and 39.35% (additional rate)
Inheritance tax nil-rate band and residence nil-rate band – thresholds are maintained at the current level until April 2028.
The inheritance tax nil rate bands are already set at current levels until April 2026 and will stay fixed at these levels for a further two years until April 2028. The nil-rate band will continue at £325,000, while the residence nil-rate band will continue at £175,000, and the residence nil-rate band taper will continue to start at £2m.
Qualifying estates can continue to pass on up to £500,000 and the qualifying estate of a surviving spouse or civil partner can continue to pass on up to £1m without an inheritance tax liability.
Capital gains tax: reduce the annual exempt amount
The annual exemption amount for capital gains tax for individuals will change, from £12,300 to £6,000 from April 2023 then £3,000 from April 2024.
Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) cuts for England and Northern Ireland will remain in place until 31 March 2025. On 23 September 2022, the government increased the nil-rate threshold of SDLT from £125,000 to £250,000 for all purchasers of residential property in England and Northern Ireland and increased the nil-rate threshold paid by first-time buyers from £300,000 to £425,000.
The maximum purchase price for which First Time Buyers’ Relief can be claimed was increased from £500,000 to £625,000. This will now be a temporary SDLT reduction which will remain in place only until 31 March 2025.
From April 2023, the planned increase in the corporation tax rate to 25% for companies with over £250,000 in profits will go ahead. Small companies with profits up to £50,000 will continue to pay corporation tax at 19%.
Companies with profits between £50,000 and £250,000 will pay tax at the main rate reduced by a marginal relief providing a gradual increase in the effective corporation tax rate.
Annual Investment Allowances
Annual Investment Allowance has been confirmed at a permanent rate of £1 million from 1 April 2023.
Research & Development
For expenditure incurred on or after 1 April 2023, Research and Development (R&D) tax reliefs will be changed as follows:
the small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) additional deduction will decrease from 130% to 86%
the SME credit rate will decrease from 14.5% to 10% and
R&D expenditure credit rises from 13% to 20%.
The chancellor has announced electric vehicles will no longer be exempt from Vehicle Excise Duty from April 2025. Company car taxes are under review and are going to be set up until April 2028 to provide long term certainty for taxpayers and industry in Autumn Finance Bill 2022. Rates will continue to incentivise the take up of electric vehicles:
appropriate percentages for electric and ultra-low emission cars emitting less than 75g of CO2 per kilometre will increase by 1 percentage point in 2025-26; a further 1% in 2026-27 and a further 1% in 2027-28 up to a maximum appropriate percentage of 5% for electric cars and 21% for ultra-low emission cars.
rates for all other vehicles bands will be increased by 1 percentage point for 2025-26 up to a maximum appropriate percentage of 37% and will then be fixed in 2026-27 and 2027-28.
The VAT registration and deregistration thresholds at £85,000 will not change for a further period of two years from 1 April 2024.
Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings
The annual chargeable amounts for the ATED will be uplifted by the September CPI figure of 10.1% for the 2023-24 ATED charging period.
Online Sales Tax (OST)
The government has clearly stated that it has decided not to introduce an OST, an idea put forward by certain stakeholders in the context of business rates reform. The government’s decision reflects concerns raised about an OST’s complexity and the risk of creating unintended distortion or unfair outcomes between different business models.
This does bring a degree of certainty in future planning for many online retailers and – along with the rates reforms announced – clarity for those with fixed retail premises.
Help for energy costs
The current Energy Price Guarantee provides support for household and business energy bills until 31 March 2023. Support for households will continue from April 2023 though support will be less generous and based on a higher average usage price cap of £3000 (up from £2,500) per annum, with additional targeted support for vulnerable households.
Further detail about eligibility for support for businesses can be found here. ACCA members have helpfully provided feedback to shape the detailed delivery of the business support scheme and today’s announcement suggested the final details would be published before the end of the year.
The Chancellor confirmed that the planned revaluation for England will proceed in April 2023. At revaluation, property values used to calculate non-domestic rates are updated to reflect the property market (in this case to reflect values as at 1 April 2021). Current values have been in effect since April 2017, and are based on market values as at April 2015.
The Chancellor also confirmed that a transitional rates relief scheme, which phases in changes associated with new values, will be in place for 3 years following the revaluation.
The business rates multiplier will be frozen in 2023-24, while relief for 230,000 businesses in retail, hospitality and leisure sectors was also increased from 50% to 75% next year;
Revaluations are also expected to take effect in April 2023 in Scotland and Wales however poundage rates and any other decisions relating to revaluation and non-domestic rates are expected to be announced by the Welsh and Scottish Governments in their respective budgets, expected in mid-December
Access to finance – eligibility for start-up loans
As previously announced, the business secretary has widened eligibility of the start-up loans scheme to businesses trading for up to three years as follows:
start-up loans of up to £25,000 are now available to start-ups that have been trading for up to three years, up from two years
new ‘second loans’ available for businesses that have been trading for up to five years
These loans provide much-needed support for the UK’s innovators and entrepreneurs.
Recovery loan scheme
The Recovery Loan Scheme, launched in April 2021 to help businesses recovering from the pandemic, has been extended to 2024.
Government grants to install electric vehicle charge points
You can potentially claim 100% of the costs of installing an electric vehicle charging point as a capital allowance. The government will legislate in Spring Finance Bill 2023 to extend the 100% First Year Allowance for electric vehicle charge points to 31 March 2025 for corporation tax purposes and 5 April 2025 for income tax purposes.
Scotland and Wales
More detailed information about the impact on devolved budgets will be expected when the Welsh and Scottish governments announce their budgets, expected to be on 13 and 15 December, respectively.
This is a basic guide. It should not be used as a definitive guide since individual circumstances may vary. Specific advice should be obtained, where necessary.
For more advice and information;
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or via our website www.walshwestcca.com