• Emma Walsh

What happens with Probate when there is no Will?

If you die without a valid Will, the law will determine who should receive everything you own, from your bank accounts to your pets.


Dealing with probate where there is no Will

When an adult person has died in England or Wales, their assets such as their property, money, financial affairs and possessions must be liquidated (sold) or transferred, their liabilities settled and the balance paid to their beneficiaries. This is known as Administering the Estate.

When someone dies without having a valid Will, this is known as dying Intestate. In this situation, and also if there are no beneficiaries stated in a valid Will, the people who benefit from the Estate are determined by laws commonly referred to as the Rules of Intestacy.


Put simply, this means that if you die without a valid Will, the law will determine who should receive everything you own, from your bank accounts to your pets.

Intestacy rules can be harsh, as they often don’t allow for modern family relationships. They only recognise the next-of-kin as those people entitled to administer and receive the Estate, so in many Probate cases when there is no Will unmarried couples, unregistered partners, step children, step brothers and sisters will not inherit anything at all.

When Probate without a Will is required, an application must be made to the Court before the legal administration of the Estate can begin?

The Intestacy Rules determine who will benefit from an Estate. This can be an involved and complex process, as the family tree will need to be very clearly understood.


Due to the complexities of Intestacy law, cases of Probate with no valid Will can have a greater risk of mistakes being made in the identification of the Estate administrators and beneficiaries. Estate administrators can be held personally financially liable for any loss resulting from a breach of their duty, even if any mistakes made were genuine errors.


No Will Probate cases are usually best dealt with by specialist Probate Lawyers

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